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 The ICCs/ IPs of Tublay Domain

The Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs) have a long significant interdependence with the lands and environments in which they live. These lands and environments are vital for their survival, providing a wide display of essence for food, shelter and other livelihood equipment, as well as provide for various sources for a variety of subjects for both rituals for economic, psychosocial, political, and cultural systems for the ICCs/IPs everyday use.

These ICCs/IPs are guardians and keepers of their lands and environments, and have been assigned by ancestral bonds to care for these through consecutive generations. These lands and its features, characteristics and uniqueness are anchored on the Tublay ICCs/IPs belief systems that are interwoven by an integrated and holistic cultural system that gives meaning to their indigenous knowledge, systems and practices.

As far as the IPs/ICCs can remember the following IKSP have been practiced and is still being practiced today. However with the incursion of “development trends” these may have been diluted along the process of said development.

Indigenous ecological knowledge is expressed in many ways. Some particular important expressions are customary practices such as hunting, fishing and gathering. Since these activities require knowledge of customary ways to procure these resources, the exercise by Indigenous peoples of their rights to carry out these activities in accordance with their laws and customs may be regarded as a demonstration of assertion of their rights to their traditional knowledge systems. Indigenous customary hunting, fishing and gathering practices may therefore be considered aspects of rights relating to land.

A. Land Use and Management System [Click tp Read]

B. Land Ownership Systems [Click to Read]

C. Forest and Watershed Management and Protection [Click to Read]

D. Water Resources Management and Protection [Click to Read]

E. Marine Resource Management [Click to Read]

F. Mineral Resource Management and Protection [Click to Read]

G. Natural Health Practices

The uses of herbal and botanical plants for medicines were practiced since immemorial and it was carried up to the present. But due to the introduction of processed synthetic medicine, users are shifting to it. Nevertheless, the IPs of Tublay even up to the present practices some of these health practices being done before.

Uses of herbal, botanical plants and insects for medicine

  • Red ant (angiyawan) – for toothache. Fry and pulverize then put inside the aching tooth.
  • Bekkeng – for toothache.
  • Uling (Charcoal) – for stomach ache. Pulverized and mixed it with water and drink.
  • Coconut shell – for wounds or for those who are newly circumcised. Pulverized the dried coconut shell then apply to the wounds.
  • Kigis, guava shoots, sapsap shoots – for wounds.
  • Cogon grass roots – for kidney problems.

There were numbers of herbal and botanical plants used as medicines by the old IPs of Tublay, which are at present found in the book published as herbal medicines. Other natural health practices are the use of urine as disinfectant. It is applied directly to the open wounds. The mother breast milk is good for sore eyes. Hilot is usually done to hasten body or muscle pain.

During child bearing/birth, the mother is given boiled dried seeds of wing beans as coffee. Generally, a native chicken is butchered mixed with ginger and papaya is served to the mother to induce breast milk for the newly born baby. The IPs uses a piece of sharp bladed bamboo to cut the umbilical cord of the baby to avoid infection.

Several of the IPs shared their observation that people before have longer and healthier life. According to their testimonies, it is because foods before are chemical and pesticide free. No ingredients and preservatives mixed in their food. Medicines used were not synthetic.

H. Indigenous Protection Systems for Resources

The most effective resources protection system done by the IPs was the inculcation of respect and obedience to elders. It is because the elders in accordance with their norms, costumes and traditions were setting rules. Oral transmission of knowledge in accordance with well understood cultural principles, and rules regarding secrecy and sacredness that govern the management of knowledge were some of the strategies.

Development includes interalia, the provision of social and physical infrastructures, the provision of financial services and small medium enterprises activities as well as agriculture and natural resource management. The conclusion is that programs to reduce rural poverty must be anchored comprehensive and, must include the views of the ICCS/IPs and the actions of Local Government Units.

Taking into consideration a holistic approach to development, these relevant inputs from the stakeholders particularly the IPs/ICCs consultations, synthesizes a broad development network anchored on the prevailing IKSP of the IPS/ICCs of Tublay.

As the ICCs/IPs of Tubday are regarded as one of the vulnerable sector of society, they differ significantly in terms of culture, identity, economic systems, and social institutions, as a whole they most often reflect specific disadvantage in terms of social indicators, economic status, and quality of life. Indigenous peoples often are not able to participate equally in development processes and share in the benefits of development, and often are not adequately represented in national social, economic, and political processes that direct development.

As ICCs/ IPs of Tubday they have developmental aspirations. However, they may not benefit from development programs designed to meet the needs and aspirations of dominant populations, and may not be given the opportunity to participate in the planning of such development. It is in this context that this ADSDPP Formulation afforded the ICCs/IPs of Tubday to participate in and benefit from development equally with other fragments of society, and have a role and be able to participate in the design of development interventions that affect them.

This Development Plans and Programs addresses such dilemma in recognizing the conditions and issues of the ICCS/IPs and identifying measures toward satisfying their needs and aspirations. These Plans and Projects focuses on the ICCs/ IPs participation in development and mitigation of undesired effects of development. It is through this planning approach that empowered them to actively participate in the development process of the ADSDPP formulation.

Data Source - NCIP, Benguet