Preparation of the Area for Rice Terraces Aside from its mineral resources, Kapangan takes pride in its rice terraces which when viewed gives a spectacular scene. This “stairway to heaven” has been an effective and efficient in producing rice for the towns’ inhabitants. The first makers of the rice terraces have not been able to build it overnight. They encountered problems such as lack of modern tools, techniques and manpower. However, through perseverance, collaboration, support and sharing of ideas with regard to farming techniques and practices, the locals were able to overcome the challenge. From this, the locals have gathered learning important in building rice terraces. Among these are: Several factors need to be considered when building rice terraces. For instance, when choosing an area in which to build the terraces, the source of irrigation, type of soil and accessibility must be considered. Also, due to lack of modern equipment, they came up with several techniques in clearing the plots. Large rocks may be remedied by heating its base until it reaches a very high temperature. To finally cause a crack, ginger (agat) or pepper (sili) would then be poured over a depressed portion of the rock. In the past, folks were resourceful enough to utilize sharpened wood as clearing tools. They also learned that the topsoil should first be removed for distribution in the field later after the soil in the plots has been leveled. In order to hold the soil in a plot, the technique they would employ is the ripraping (batog/tuping/atol). This method would require the fitting rocks together. Sometimes, these rocks would have to shape first in order to fit with the other rocks. In leveling the plots, the old technique involves pulling of logs called suyod or tanapo over the plot surface by a man or a carabao. During the old times, the locals made use of tools out of wood—sanggap (pointed farm tool), galuwad (shovel), silbara/silbara (wheelbarrow), guyudan (basin) and bamboos—bangkol/sahujang (basket used to collect soil) for leveling plots. For the irrigation, the old folks drew water from rivers as ada-an/ala-an (source) by making use of uyangan/payaspasan (canals) and talakan/talak (bamboo pipes). An effective irrigation system is vital in rice terraces. Locals then and until now use canal from the terraces found in the highest portion of the rice terraces which is then distributed to the other plots below. After irrigation, the ancestors have also used crude tools such as sangayab and sanggap to till the field. The field would then be flooded with water after which the locals employed the sinadsad/ginatin to smoothen the soil. The water supply is only enough during the wet season, thus the locals would shift to cultivating peanuts, legumes and such other crops.