B. Japanese Occupation

The Japanese Imperial Army took over the government on March 1 1943. They established their Japanese Puppet Government with the natives of the town as the officials but under the supervision of the Japanese High Command. Their chief municipal officials were the municipal mayor, the vice-mayor, the treasurer and the councilors.

The Japanese Imperial Army imposed a dictatorial government in which all the rights and freedom of the natives were disregarded. No election was held thereby the right to choose their officials was deprived.

The Japanese officials appointed Mr. Alfredo Bayas as the mayor of the town. There were three vice-mayors who served during the Japanese occupation. The first one, Piso, Alipio served for one year after which he was a member of the guerilla forces. Victorino Boliney took over for about six months. A native of Atok Central divulged the information that he was a member of the guerilla forces. So he was hanged publicly in the Atok Central plaza for all the people to see and to serve as a warning for all who were supportive to the guerilla movement. Mateo Sison took over until the end of the Japanese period.

1. Japanese Laws and Administration

a. The Japanese enforced the natives of the town to be members of the KALIBAPI wherein every individual had a nameplate for identification, Below the nameplate was a small Japanese flag placed at the right side of the jacket.

b. Each person must be a member of the neighborhood association where the natives were expected to be informers about guerilla movements. Anybody fount to be anti-Japanese was punished severely or tortured or brutally killed. Sometimes people who were found guilty were hanged or given no food for a number of days or even a month. Another torture method was forcing the person to drink a gallon of water or even more.

c. Enforcement of Green Revolution. People were forced to plant. They planted mostly camote because there was a lack of seeds of plants that used to be planted during the American time.

d. Enforcement of discipline. Every native of the town ought to bow to any Japanese soldier and specially officials when meeting them. Anyone who did not bow to the Japanese soldiers was slapped twice on their faces.

The mayor appointed shouldered various expenses made for the entertainment of the Japanese Imperial Forces who patrolled around the town. It was charged against his personal expenses.