Tublay Municipality is situated thirteen kilometers north of Baguio City. She is bounded on the north by Atok and Kapangan; on the east by the municipality of Bokod; on the south by the municipalities of Itogon and La Trinidad; and on the west by the municipality of Kapangan and Sablan.
Tublay is one of the smallest town of Benguet Province with a total land area of 5,730 hectares. Population: 7,700 Average annual income: Php 15,306.54 Class: 7th.
Among the early headmen of Tublay, the best known and well-remembered is Juan (Ora) Cariño. During the short-lived First Philippine Republic, he was appointed Governor of Benguet. During the American occupation, he became the first mayor of Tublay and later on was elected representative of Baguio and Benguet. Progressive in thinking, he opened the first school of the town – The Tublay Central School.
Other remembered leaders of Tublay are Magastino Laruan, who hastened the education of the residents of Tublay by acting as a truant officer to pupils who shunned schooling. He was also responsible for the establishment of Paoad Elementary School, the second to be erected in Tublay.
From these illustrious men came some of Benguet’s outstanding political leaders. Among them are Baltazar Fernando, ex-mayor of Bokod, Peredo Depaynos, ex-mayor of Kabayan, Felipe Cosalan, incumbent mayor of Tublay and the Honorable Andres Cosalan, Representative of Baguio and Benguet.
While the present economic development of Tublay is relatively slow, it is expected to pick up with the opening of the Santo Niño Mines at kilometer 21. This gold and copper mine is expected to be in full operation in the next two years. The extension of credit facilities to local farmers through the Farmer’s Cooperative Marketing Association, Incorporated will likewise boost the vegetable industry in this community.
Source: Benguet Profile 1970
The ICCs/ IPs of Tublay Domain
The Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs) have a long significant interdependence with the lands and environments in which they live. These lands and environments are vital for their survival, providing a wide display of essence for food, shelter and other livelihood equipment, as well as provide for various sources for a variety of subjects for both rituals for economic, psychosocial, political, and cultural systems for the ICCs/IPs everyday use.
These ICCs/IPs are guardians and keepers of their lands and environments, and have been assigned by ancestral bonds to care for these through consecutive generations. These lands and its features, characteristics and uniqueness are anchored on the Tublay ICCs/IPs belief systems that are interwoven by an integrated and holistic cultural system that gives meaning to their indigenous knowledge, systems and practices.
As far as the IPs/ICCs can remember the following IKSP have been practiced and is still being practiced today. However with the incursion of “development trends” these may have been diluted along the process of said development.
Indigenous ecological knowledge is expressed in many ways. Some particular important expressions are customary practices such as hunting, fishing and gathering. Since these activities require knowledge of customary ways to procure these resources, the exercise by Indigenous peoples of their rights to carry out these activities in accordance with their laws and customs may be regarded as a demonstration of assertion of their rights to their traditional knowledge systems. Indigenous customary hunting, fishing and gathering practices may therefore be considered aspects of rights relating to land.
- Land Use and Management System
The culture of the community is the same with other indigenous peoples whose lives and traditions is a land-based culture. They build rice fields along creeks and river. A rice field owner is considered part owner of the watershed and has all the right and responsibility to protect the watershed. Firewood and building construction materials can only be taken from an identified village forest, which is communally owned. Land for grazing of animals may either be private or communal.