THE SETTING

A popular legend tells that the name Buguias was given to the place by Americans who came to Central through the Spanish trail to survey the area. When the Americans arrived at Ampatang they came across a group of women who were pounding rice. The foreigners asked for the name of the place and the women, not comprehending what the Americans were saying, answered “Begas” (rice), referring to the grain. From then on the place was referred to as Buguias.

The northeastern most of the towns of Benguet, Buguias is situated at the foot of Mt. Data and is surrounded by two provinces and five municipalities: to the northeast lies Mt. Province; to the east the province of Ifugao; to the west the municipalities of Kibungan and Bakun; to the northwest the municipality of Mankayan and to the south the municipalities of Kabayan and Atok. Buguias is about 85 kilometers by bus travel from Baguio City or two to three-day hiking distance for average hikers. With a total land area of 164.3 square miles, Buguias has a mountainous terrain covered with pine and oak forests. Two of the highest mountain systems are those of Mt. Pulag and Mt. Data in the northeast. Towards the southwest Buguias shares with Ifugao Mt. Manhuyohoy and Mt. Tabayo, the highest in Buguias, while the southeastern most point is Mt. Apanberang. Towards the west to the northwest one finds Mt. Osdong and Mt. Lucong. From these mountains start the river systems of the municipality, the main body of which is the Agno River which starts from Mt. Data and branches off into the rivers of Kitongan, Data and Palatang on the east and the An-no and Dogen on the west. These rivers form the Agno towards the south. At present the Agno River marks the boundaries of some of the barrios.

Juan Dela Cruz

Mayor

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industrys standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a

Juan Dela Cruz

Mayor

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industrys standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a

Juan Dela Cruz

Mayor

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industrys standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a

Juan Dela Cruz

Mayor

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industrys standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a

  1. GENEALOGICAL DATA
         a.Mythical Origin

The legendary origin of the indigenous people of Buguias began with a creation folktale. Kabunyan, the Almighty God,brought into existence the first couple, Bangan and Bugan, after the great flood. The couple lived in Mount Kalawitan, the highest mountain north of Benguet. From the mountain, the couple’s descendants came down. Some followed the Chico River downstream and settled in the northwest, at Gonogon and Bontoc. Others made their way south to Ahin, Tococan, Ambanglo, Tinoc, Awa, Palatang, Baugan, Amlimay, Man-atong, Bogey-yas, Tanggawan, Labay, Amgaleyguey, and Togtogyon (Loo) while still others went farther south to Embusey, Batan, Kabayan, and Bokod. The rest went westward to Mankayan, Bakun, and Kibungan, and from thence to Kapangan.

Other folktales are appended as Annex III-A of this chapter. The tales included the legend of Tugtugaka, a Nabalicong warrior, and Cuyapon, a beautiful fairy, who fell in love with each other and had begotten Anno. Anno’s generation flourished and peopled many villages far and wide from Benguet to Ifugao and Vizcaya. The Agno River was named after him. Another tale involved Gatan who came to earth as the representative of Lumawig (God) in order to teach, lead and protect humans. The other folktales related to “Biyew,” the source of all prayers; and the origin of mountains, lowlands, earthquakes and lightning, the story Samiklay, The first Rice in Loo Valley, The antique Jar of Buguias, The Bellian Dance, and The famous Tiking Agindang. The Annex included descriptions of rituals involved in the “Family Life Cycle” and “Death.”

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