| “Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing in those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples in accordance with their cultural patterns.
This historical continuity may consist of the continuation of, for an extended period reaching into the present, one or more of the following factors:
On an individual basis, an indigenous person is one who belongs to these indigenous (group consciousness) and is recognized and accepted by these populations as one of its members (acceptance by the group). This preserves for the communities sovereign right and power to decide who belongs to them, without external interference.” (UN DOC. N°E/CN Sub.2/1983/21)
LAND USE and MANAGEMENT SYSTEM [Click to Read]
LAND OWNERSHIP SYSTEMS [Click to Read]
A. FOREST AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION PLAN [Click to Read]
B. WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION
Water was a very important resource to the Ibaloys, in fact, it was prohibited to build homes near water sources. A ritual was performed wherein a small woven basket is filled with rice, gabi, meat etc. and hanged at the end of a stick and placed as an offering at the source of water, usually a spring.
Accounts are given by respondents saying that they followed waterways in their migration routes to better places and the headwaters led them to Baguio and eventually Trinidad. They also tell of the many fishes like wadingan in the rivers and streams in the area.
Traditional water management included the following:
(NOTE: No Marine & Mineral Resources are found in the domain)
C. NATURAL HEALTH PRACTICES
The Ibaloys used many plants especially the leaves, bark and roots to cure illnesses aside from their animistic practices.
D.INDIGENEOUS PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR RESOURCES
Transmission and application of these cultural practices ensured that the land and its resources would be there for his children’s children. The collective right of members of the community who used the land and its forests was an intangible part of their culture and tradition. No one had to dictate that to them. Ethnic law was very binding to the peoples.
Data Source - NCIP, Benguet