bokod ban

A. Land Use and Management System

 1. Land Use Patterns

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 2.Land Ownership Systems

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 3.Water Resources Management and Protection

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B. Marine Resource Development

The indigenous way of propagating marine resources is best displayed by keeping their natural habitat intact and undisturbed or unpolluted. However, deliberate efforts to sow fries as did the community by releasing 400 pieces of eels along the stretch of the Agno River would facilitate increasing the population of the marine resources. The establishment of hatcheries in the communities is a borrowed technology adopted and now practiced by the community.

C. Mineral Resources Management and Protection

These concerns have been presented under the policies on Natural Resource Management (supplied to comply with prescribed format).

D. Natural Health Practices

The IP community of Bokod has a wide variety of alternative health care and medicine which include among others: chiropractic remedies, herbal concoctions and specific animal meats and parts, and not outnumbered are the ritual remedies.

Chiropractic remedies are dispensed by the mangidot which are trained by birth to conduct ilot.

Ritual remedies, on the other hand are done by the mambunong or Ibumangi which are mostly based on the belief that the afflictions were inflicted by the spirits or the unseen creatures. In usual cases, the butchering of animal sacrifices are made to appease the disgruntled spirits. Most of these practices have been presented under the discussion on traditional customs and practices. (Appendix 16, A-C)

Some indigenous plant species and their relative uses within the community, which are mostly health remedies are, as follows:

  PLANT REMEDY/MEDICINAL VALUE
1. Agat Antitusive (for cough)
2. Banaba Regulates vascular problem
3. Bato (malasimang) Antitusive (for cough)
4. Bawang Regulates vascular problem
5. Dawed Antitusive (for cough)
6. Didingey/Shangda Cleansing and antiseptic
7. Eucalyptus Antitusive (for cough)
8. Gipas/Keppas Antitusive (for cough)
9. Kamatis For food poisoning; burns & scalds
10. Lantana Antitusive (for cough)
11. Makabuhay Antitusive (for cough)
12. Oregano Antitusive (for cough)
13. Pine needle Foot deodorant
14. Plan to prevent bleeding
15. Plowel Poultice for Boils
16. Putod-potod For relief of UTI
17. Subosob Antacid (for stomach pain)
18. Takip kuhol For the relief of arthritis
19. Tangan Antitusive (for cough)
20. Tapaja Cleansing

Again, the endemic species of fauna particularly, those used for health remedies have been selected presented here, as follows:

House lizard (karat, batingal) – roasted, pounded, boiled and drank;

Turtle (kakeb) - cook the meat and eat, cures asthma;

Monkey (bakes) - cook the meat and eat, cures asthma;

Snake (uleg) - extract the bile, drink, cures asthma;

Frog (tukak) - cook the meat and eat, cures asthma;

Rat (utot) - cook the meat and eat, cures malaria; and

Monitor Lizard/Baniyas (tilay) - cook the meat and eat, cures malaria.

H. Indigenous Protection Systems for Resources [Click to Read]

1. Resolve of the Local Government Units (LGUs)[Click to Read]

2. Strategies[Click to Read]

3. Comprehensive Site Development Strategies[Click to Read]

Target Areas and Beneficiaries of On-Farm and Off-Farm Agroforestry Activities
PROJECT SITES PROJECT AREA (HA) TARGET AREA (HA) TARGET BENEFICIARIES (HH)
ON-FARM OFF-FARM TOTAL ON-FARM OFF-FARM
Domain wide 48,830 296.9 489 615 207 -
Ambuklao 7,500.00 3 4 7 2 -
Bila 2,240.00 16.4 10 26.4 7 -
Bobok-Bisal 9,470.00 12 16 28 5 -
Daclan 1,580.00 40 20 60 16 50
Ekip 2,080.00 12 17 29 5 -
Karao 1,930.00 24 20 44 10 -
Nawal 4,520.00 76.1 230 306.1 48 -
Pito 8,420.00 12.5 10 22.5 5 -
Poblacion 6,440.00 37 27 64 15 -
Tikey 4,650.00 20 8 28 8 -
Target Areas for Reforestation  
  WORK TARGETS (IN HECTARES)
  CBFM ITF TOTAL
Ambuklao 23 10 33
Bila 35 20 55
Bobok-Bisal 190 50 240
Daclan 136 10 146
Ekip 125 70 195
Karao 123 35 158
Nawal 50 80 130
Pito 130 70 200
Poblacion 117 116 233
Tikey 531 75 606
TOTAL 1460 536 1996
         

a. Land Allocation for Forest Rehabilitation

While agroforestry development aims to meet a two-pronged objective, -that is- food production and ecological stability with wood production as a value added benefit, reforestation on the other hand, which follows the off-farm development set-up puts ecological stability foremost among its objectives. The value-added benefit of reforestation in production areas would be the wood supply derived from it apart from the underlying objective of ecological stability. Table 66 shows the rehabilitation targets for the next five years.

The support projects consist of social, economic and technological interventions which will make the entire short and long term efforts of the farmers more realistic and would be able to encourage the farming communities to adopt farming systems that are sustainable under their respective ecological environments.

b. Research and Development

Participatory approach to research shall be employed in order that the community may realize and thus appreciate its value. This also precludes the apparent lack of technology transfer mechanisms on valuable results of research conducted.

1. Biophysical Research

a. Indigenous technologies

All IKSP on environment and natural resources management, agriculture, soil and water conservation and management, mining, infrastructure, ethhnobotany, alternative medicine, etc. shall be appropriately documented for technology transfer to other IP communities within the Bokod ancestral domain

b. Borrowed Technologies

Some IP communities throughout the country exhibit various IKSP that were found feasible and sustainable by modern technology (e.g., alternate cropping, mix cropping, multi-story cropping, contour farming) thus were introduced through programs of various government agencies including other technologies that have been modified if not at all non-IP inspired. Therefore, borrowed technologies on environment and natural resources management, agriculture, soil and water conservation and management, mining, infrastructure, ethhnobotany, alternative medicine, etc., particularly those that have already been introduced and practiced within the ancestral domain shall be identified, examined and verified of its suitability and adaptability.

c. Emerging Technologies

Technology verification through farm-based crop trials gives farmers a firsthand experience on the economics of alternative technologies and management schemes as basis of decision-making particularly for market-oriented scale of production. Some relatively new technologies that have no known adverse effect and have become practicable to ensure quality products shall also be verified of its sustainability (e.g., contour farming, (SALT I, II & III); tissue culture, etc.) and if found feasible shall be encouraged for further adoption within the domain.

Land Use Allocation Matrix

  SLOPE CONDITION
Present Land Use <= 8 Percent 8 -18 Percent 18 –38 Percent 38-58 Percent >58 Percent
Annuals and Perennial Intensive Agricultural Development Upland Agricultural Development Agro forestry Module 1
30% - Food
50% - Fruits
20% - Forests
Agro forestry Module 2
30% - Food
20% - Fruits
50% - Forests
Agro forestry Module 3
20% - Food
30% - Fruits
50% - Forests
Coconuts Multi – Storey Cropping Multi – Storey Cropping

Agro forestry Module 4

Agro forestry Module 5
      Coconut
Livestock
Agro forestry
Development Scheme
Coconut
Livestock
Agro forestry
Development Scheme
Coconut
Livestock
Agro forestry
Development Scheme
Grassland with Agricultural (Settled Areas) Intensive Agricultural Development Agri- Livestock Development Agro forestry Module 1
30% - Food
50% - Fruits
20% - Forests
Agro forestry Module 2
30% - Food
20% - Fruits
50% - Forests

Agro forestry Module 3

30% - Fruits
70% - Forests

Grassland without Agricultural crops) Agri-Livestock Development Agri- Livestock Development Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Scrubland with Agricultural (Settled Areas) Intensive Agricultural Development Agri- Livestock Development Agro forestry Module 1
30% - Food
50% - Fruits
20% - Forests
Agro forestry Module 2
30% - Food
20% - Fruits
50% - Forests

Agro forestry Module 3

30% - Fruits
70% - Forests

Scrubland with Agricultural Crops) Agri-Livestock Development Agri- Livestock Development Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Community Based
Refo/Fuelwood
Development
Forest Lands with Agricultural (Settled Areas) Communal
Fuel wood Production And Development
Communal
Fuel wood Production And Development
Community Based Forest Productivity Enhancement – Development Schemes
30%- Fruit Trees
70 % - Forest Trees
Forest Lands
(No Settlement)
Communal
Fuel wood Production And Development
Communal
Fuel wood Production And Development
Community Based Forest Productivity Enhancement – Development Schemes
30%- Fruit Trees
70 % - Forest Trees

Land Use Allocation and Development Scheme by Slope Condition

d. Commercial Technologies

The introduction of commercial technologies (e.g., orchards, industrial tree farms, hybrid varieties of crops, livestock, etc., including natural products produced in quantities of commercial scale) is encouraged particularly, for market-oriented ventures, if the IP community would feel the need but an attendant research component will be made a built-in requirement to preclude if not mitigate any adverse effect not quite predicted at the time of its inception.

C. Educational, Social and Cultural Research [Click to Read]

D. Goals[Click to Read]

Data Source - NCIP, Benguet