A. Hunting and foraging

The forest was a source of food for the people in the past as in the present. The people depended on wild food plants which supplemented their produce during lean times or just before harvest when food sources were running out. This period is called bitil. Some of these root crops are kadod, kalot, gakad and kapongao, all described as “survival crops.” Honey from the forest was collected and used as a trade good.

The forest was also their source of protein supplied by wild pigs, deer, monkeys and other smaller animals and fowl which they caught with the use of hunting dogs , spears and traps called bito. The bito was a pit covered with leaves. Embedded in the pit were sharp wood and bamboo stakes pointed upwards. Birds were also caught with traps. To protect their rice fields, farmers would rub a wooden pole or stick with the sticky sap of a vine and stick several poles around the field. At the end of the day birds would be glued to these poles which are collected and brought home to be cooked

Hunters offered part of the meat to the spirits especially if the catch was big. The animal’s hair was singed over a fire before it was cleaned and butchered. The roasted liver would be offered to the spirits or anito who were believed to own these animals. The dogs were also given their share of roasted foot tips and intestines (Bagamaspad & Pawid).