2. Modes of Acquisition or Transfer
Early settlers acquired of land through occupancy and improvement of land without adverse claimants. Subsequent transfers of land were done since the olden times through the agreement of both transferee and transferor. During those days, the transfer of land may be in exchange of another land in another location or in exchange animals. There are no written documents but a simple ritual in the presence of witnesses composed mainly of community elders.
But as years went by, transfers of land were done either through inheritance, sale, donation, or even foreclosures. Not realizing the significance of undergoing the process prescribed by law, subsequent transferees physically possessed the land without the corresponding documents evidencing the transfer. Consequently, land titles and declarations still remained in the name of the original owner. Although the agreeing parties executed the transfer in good faith, these arrangements sometimes breed conflicts in cases where heirs do not honor the previous transactions.