1. Land Use

In the past, the people used land within the domain for agriculture, hunting and harvesting nutritional forest products. A considerable area is used also for burial. For agriculture, wide track of land is used for grazing animals. Near rivers and strong springs, paddies were made for cultivation of rice. The paddies were irrigated from rivers and springs since rice has to be flooded throughout its growth. These paddies were terraces carved on the mountainside with the use of stone ripraps and mud. Depending on the contours of the mountainside, the plots vary in size and were constructed like giant steps. With their ingenuity, the tribes made the paddies in such a way that all terraces receive enough irrigation water flowing from one terrace to another.

Uphill areas are used for other subsistence farming such as animal grazing and for planting of other crops such as camote (sweet potato), gabi, legumes and other edibles. The tribes employed “uma”, slash and burn method (swidden farming), by clearing a portion, drying the cleared vegetation and burning it. The scattered ashes would help nurture their plant.

The use of the land was not permanent; it depended on the fertility of the soil or its suitability to support agricultural activities. When the lushness of the land is depleted and its fertility can no longer guarantee good harvest, the elders leave for another place.