4. Non-Traditional Events and Trends

Prior to the coming of the Spaniards, the indigenous people of Buguias residence are near water sources like rivers, creeks and springs. The reason was because their sole source of livelihood was agriculture, which is dependent on the supply of water to their farms. In the early 20th century where infrastructure development was introduced, peoples’ settlement shifted to commercial centers of the community like Abatan, Loo and Bangao.

After the war, the Bayoyo and Sinipsip Sawmills were reopened as well as roads, schools and the social service institutions. With the establishment of the Philippine Republic, Buguias was on track to progress and several laws were enacted to preserve its natural endowments. On November 25, 1966, Buguias was declared part of the Ambuklao Watershed Forest reserve under Proclamation No. 120. A portion of the municipality was also made part of the Mt. Data National Park. Buguias, as a whole, was placed under the Central Cordillera Park.

The development of the municipality was also seemingly undeterred by several calamities, the most severe of which would be the typhoon Trining in 1969 and Goring in July 16, 1989 destroying vegetable lands and claiming several lives. A year later on the same month and date on July 16, 1990, a killer quake also took its toll in several people were killed and hundreds of thousands of pesos worth of lost property.

The economic development in Buguias brought by improvements in infrastructure, communication, migration and trade brought along socio-cultural developments.