1. Customs and Beliefs Regarding the Agricultural Cycle

Rice was introduced to the domain when the forebears, coming from the eastern part of the mountain region, carried along with them the palay (rice grain) to settle at Buguias. As a staple food, rice cultivation was extensively nurtured to reach the next harvest season. Rice cultivation is associated with beliefs and traditions.

The villagers have mutual self-help system called “ugbo” wherein one renders the same service rendered by one person in his field on the same day. Banded together, they do considerable work in one’s field especially during replanting that should take short span of time. There are beliefs that the spirits interfere in the growth of the rice. Thus, after planting, a ritual called “pudong” is performed with a sacrifice of a chicken so as the malevolent spirit residing in the water would not harm the rice instead, help in the robust and bountiful harvest. To show that a “pudong” is done, at both ends of the rice field are staked grasses to ward away the evil spirits. A similar ritual called “kuyab” is also taken but with the offering of two chicken and feathers are instead of grass. When replanting, the food should not be watery or soupy. Meat should be from male piglets to ensure a bountiful abundant.

The foregoing practices are fast diminishing because more rice fields are being converted to commercial gardens and other factors