Construction of rice terraces in Kabayan is a labor intensive activity. It is both a male and female activity.
Atol or retaining stonewalls of about ten to twelve feet high are first constructed by the men. Almost simultaneously, women carry away the soil which is loosened from the mountainside by means of wooden spades and carried away in a basket called saloshan. The terrace is then leveled and filled with soil.
Extensive irrigation ditches, kolokol, are constructed to feed water to the terraces. All ricefields owners benefitted by the irrigation participate in cooperative labor, ub-bo, the men digging ditches and constructing retaining stonewalls while the woman weed and clean the ditch.
Seed beds for the kintoman crop are planted between November and December. Work, sichen, in the ricefields start in January with the men digging up the soil with their wooden spades, sokday. A few days later, water from the irrigation ditches is turned on and the rice field is flooded. The men then harrow, saloysoy, the soil with the aid of a wooden harrow, pulled at times by the carabaos. By the first week of February, the women transplant, tunod, the rice seedlings, the fields at least twice before the harvest months of June and July. A harvest knife, dakem, is used during harvest.
In settlements of Pacso, Gusaran, Kabajen and Dutab, two rice crops are planted in a year, the kintoman from December to June and the talon from July to November. Work on the second crop, talon, is lighter.
Kabayan is well-known for its aromatic and glutinous kintoman rice. It is recalled that the original kintoman single grain was given to kabayan residents by a goddess. Its unusually superior eating quality is attributed to the fact that other Benguet settlements were believed given by the same goddess cooked kintoman grains.
Marriage in this generation between Gomgom and Magona would link the Chaoal clan to that of the descendants of Bagdao and Marogay and consistent intermarriages between both would heavily interlock all families of Kabayan.
In the next generation, c.a. 1767-1797, Kabayan history would be written equally by the descendants of Bagdao and Chaoal.
Pil jan, son of Magona and Tonged, marries Salbare, a lady from Wangal in La Trinidad and they settle in Gusaran. They were cattle, rice field and slave owners.
Kikdod, son of Mensi by his first wife, he parentally contracted into marriage to Kasoney of Pacso. Owners of extensive ricefields and cattle, they are among the few who in this time can afford to eat rice for staple.
Chalmia marries Dangbas, among the later migrants from Tinak who comes to Gusaran in search of work as a terrace builder.
Talin marries Buwaken, son of Mayengmeng of Magangan in Bokod. All the foregoing related persons show the extent of intermarriages among close kin.
A number of other kadasan migrants’ move into Kabayan including Sakonat and Kumangan of the Chaoal tree. Yet, a differentiation at the point of time is noticed between the ibadoy and the kalangoya.